Inflammation in any part of the body is a severe pain for that person and it becomes his priority to cure this problem at any cost. Usually, inflammation occurs due to an injury or infection of a particular body part. It is the way of the immunity system for fighting the infection of virus or bacteria that has invaded the body and forming new tissues to heal wounds. However, any inflammation should be treated as early as possible because untreated inflammation may turn to a chronic stage and give rise to many other diseases.
History of Cold therapy and its previous uses in curing inflammation
Ice compression is considered as a useful way of treating various body pains and inflammation since ages. As per the historical facts, the application of Cold therapy was practiced by the ancient Egyptians in 2500 BCE, for treatment of their injuries. Later in the middle of the 19th century, notable dermatologists started this Cold therapy for curing skin irritations. At this time, James Arnott created an apparatus for applying the required cold temperature to the affected skin parts. Then carbon dioxide in ice and liquid form was used for this therapy application towards the end of the 20th century. Two scientists Cooper and Lee were the fathers of modern cryotherapy, by using liquid nitrogen. Their procedures were further developed and applied successfully by many dermatologists.
Effective use of Cryosauna in Cryotherapy treatment
Cryotherapy is a modern treatment of inflammation where the patient steps inside an enclosed Cryosauna, to experience tremendously low temperature maintained there. Cryosauna is a glass cabin where the temperature is maintained at – 200 degrees Fahrenheit or even lower. This cabin is filled with Nitrogen gas and the patient is supposed to stay there only for 2 – 3 minutes. This extremely low temperature cools down the thermal receptors on the human skin surface, resulting in healing the wounds or infections that cause inflammation. Generally, a few sessions in the Cryosauna can be sufficient to cure the inflammatory problem completely. During each session, useful hormones, like Norepinephrine are secreted from the brain cells that also act as neurotransmitters in reducing inflammation.
The Role played by Norepinephrine as an anti-inflammatory hormone
Norepinephrine is also known as Noradrenaline and it plays the double role of a hormone and neurotransmitter. It acts as a stress hormone and also reduces the inflammation of neurons in the brain, immediately after its secretion. It is highly beneficial in many ways to the body, as it improves blood circulation in the muscles and releases the stored glucose for reenergizing the body. Its anti-inflammatory role is also useful in treating Alzheimer’s disease, as it is found to stimulate the microglia cells of the brain, for preventing the loss of certain brain cells that may be the reason of inducing this disease. Norepinephrine is formed from the amino acid tyrosine, which prevents the catabolism of other amino acids into inflammatory agents. Hence, the presence of this hormone cures inflammation in all parts of the body.
Apart from fighting inflammation, Cryotherapy has many other health benefits. It helps in weight loss and thus, used by overweight people in regaining their previous slim figure. It is also included as a part of cellulite treatment and also in treating other skin problems, like psoriasis and eczema. It is also used as an anti-aging treatment and also maintains hormonal balance in the body.
Reference: Purnot, H., Biuezan, F., Louis, J. et al. (2011). Time-course changes in inflammatory response after whole-body cryotherapy multi exposures following severe exercise. PloS ONE. 6(7): e22748. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0022748